Bill of rights: Right to Freedom and equality of human beings.

Written by Agape Harry | Posted on  26th Feb 2016.

Let’s start with some basic human rights definitions: Human: noun A member of the Homo sapiens species; a man, woman or child; a person.

Rights: noun Things to which you are entitled or allowed; freedoms that are guaranteed.

Human Rights: noun The rights you have simply because you are human.

If you were to ask people in the street, “What are human rights?” you would get many different answers. They would tell you the rights they know about, but very few people know all their rights. As covered in the definitions above, a right is a freedom of some kind. It is something to which you are entitled by virtue of being human. But today I’ll just focus on these two;

Right to Freedom

Every person has a freedom of opinion and expression of his ideas, has the freedom to communicate and a freedom with protection from interference from his communication, has a right to be informed at all times of various important events of life and activities of the people and also of issues of importance to the society.

Yet many people, when asked to name their rights, will list only freedom of speech and belief and perhaps one or two others. There is no question these are important rights, but the full scope of right to freedom is very broad. They mean choice and opportunity. They mean the freedom to obtain a job, adopt a career, select a partner of one’s choice and raise children. They include the right to travel widely and the right to work gainfully without harassment, abuse and threat of arbitrary dismissal. They even embrace the freedom to leisure.

Right to Equality

All human beings are born free, and are all equal. Every person is entitled to recognition and respect for his dignity. Equality before the law, all persons are equal before the law and are entitled, without any discrimination, to protection and equality before the law. No law enacted by any authority in the United Republic shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect. The civic rights, duties and interests of every person and community shall be protected and determined by the courts of law or other state agencies established by or under the law.

Human rights are based on the principle of respect for the individual. Their fundamental assumption is that each person is a moral and rational being who deserves to be treated and recognized with dignity. They are called human rights because they are universal. Whereas nations or specialized groups enjoy specific rights that apply only to them, human rights are the rights to which everyone is entitled—no matter who they are or where they live—simply because they are alive.